Archive for July 2011

hoofcareunltd.com

Slow feeding is important, but continuous slow feeding is much more important.

Continuous slow feeding does not work until your horse has forgotten that there is an end to the hay supply. As long as he remembers that there might be an end to the supply of hay he will most likely still eat too fast and not chew the food enough. Chewing is extremely important for a horse. It is when he has chewed enough he feels content, not when he has filled his stomach. If he does not chew enough he will not be able to digest the food the way he is supposed to. When the Continuous slow feeding starts to work your horse will show you both more harmony and more willingness to work. He might also be friendlier to other horses and easier to handle.

Horse Hay Feeder - 3 Piece Round 8ft w/Steel Lower Enclosure - 16 gauge frame. (Picture courtesy of www.barnworld.com)

It is extremely important that your horse never can fill his mouth with hay. When your horse fills his mouth with food he will not chew it enough and the digestion will therefore not be effective. Fantastic things happen when he has learned to eat the natural way. He will even graze differently after a winter with a well working “continuous slow feeder”. This is much better than spreading the hay on the ground since it is much to easy to eat hay that is loose on the ground or on the floor. One small piece of hay at a time is the goal!

Continuous slow feeding restricts the amount of hay your horse can eat per minute instead of the amount of hay available to him. You will gain in all ends.

  • No more wasted hay.
  • Less consumption because of better digestion.
  • Your horse is kept busy eating 16-20 hours as he is supposed to.
  • Obese horses usually loose weight.
  • Thin horses usually gain weight.
  • No more fighting over food since it is always available.
  • No specific feeding times for you to keep (no early mornings or lunch feedings).
  • Your horse will never be hungry and always ready to go.

Important things to consider:

There must be hay available to the horse at all times. 1½ hours after the horse has stopped eating the unstoppable production of bile (the horse has no gall bladder, he produces and releases bile continuously) will burn the inside of the small intestine and give the horse stomach ulcers.

It is not until the horse has forgotten that the hay feeder ever can be empty that the feeding system starts to work. Then the horses slow down their eating pace, take the pauses they need and each horse in the herd takes care of their individual eating needs (we have Shetland ponies and horses eat together from the same feeders).

Give your horse three weeks to get used to this new way of being fed before passing any judgments.

If you want to know how much they are eating you must look at the average consumption over a three day period because they do not necessarily eat as much every day.

Things not to do:

Do not feed servings or portions in the hay feeders.

If you believe your horse still gets too much you can always mix the hay with oat straw of good hygienic quality. If you are absolutely sure your horse needs more get hay that contains more (but be careful with alfalfa since the balance between calcium and phosphor is completely off).

#

To get more information on cattle scales, cattle guards, or saddle pads, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on grain weight conversion, hog feeders, and hay feeders, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on bulk feed bins, livestock scales, and radiant under-floor heating, please visit Barn World.

horse.com

Saddles

Both the horse and the rider benefit from a saddle. A saddle prevents the horse’s spine from digging into the rider, and spreads the rider’s weight evenly across the horse’s back, avoiding the spine. Saddles are built around a frame called a tree. The tree should be protected by being stored on a rack; if the tree breaks, the saddle is useless and hurts the horse. It is important to purchase the best saddle you can afford. The best ones are made of leather or a high-quality synthetic; cheaper saddles will not last as long. If you purchase a saddle secondhand, make sure that the tree, stitching, and leather are in good repair.

There are different types of saddles for different purposes, such as jumping and dressage, or general-purpose saddles for non-specialist riders. Western saddles are ornate and decorative because they served as a cowboy’s status symbol. They are heavy because they were originally designed to withstand the stresses imposed when a lariat was attached to the horn in front of the rider.

Abetta Ostrich Classic Saddle. (Picture courtesy of www.barnworld.com)

Saddle pads are intended as a protective measure and for comfort. Rectangular saddle pads keep the underside of the saddle clean and absorb sweat, which would otherwise cause the saddle to slip, slide, and rub the horse. It can be made from a variety of materials, although some synthetic materials do not absorb moisture as well as others. Fitted pads are designed to protect the horse’s back as well as absorb sweat. It is usually cut in the shape of a saddle. They should not be used as a permanent padding for a poorly fitting or badly stuffed saddle; these ill-equipped saddles should be replaced or restuffed. Gel pads are made of thermoplastic elastomer gel that ensures an even contact between the horse and the saddle; they are ideal for a horse with a sore back. The gel distributes pressure so that it is applied evenly all over.

Girths

Leather girths are strong, durable, and do not stretch much; they do, however, collect sweat and dirt. This makes the girth hard and uncomfortable for the horse if not kept clean. There are several types and styles available. A nylon string girth lets air through, and grips better than leather, making it less likely to rub and cause sores.

#

To get more information on cattle scales, cattle guards, or saddle pads, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on grain weight conversion, hog feeders, and hay feeders, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on bulk feed bins, livestock scales, and radiant under-floor heating, please visit Barn World.

horse.com

A single glance into any equine catalog will reveal a myriad of saddle pad choices. With different materials, different shapes and different claims to fame, it can be difficult to decide what one will best suit your saddle.

English self contouring workout pad, available at www.barnworld.com.

Each material has its benefits and drawbacks. Here is a short list of the attributes of the most popular saddle pads:

Fleece

One of the most common materials used today, fleece pads can be either double backed, or fleece bottomed, and may be synthetic or wool. Natural fleece provides more cushioning, but synthetic fleece is longer lasting and easier to care for.

Felt

The hallmark property of the felt equine saddle pad is the material’s ability to draw sweat from the horse, which allows heat to dissipate. It is also a great shock absorber, and helps to relieve minor pressure points.

Neoprene

Waterproof and easy to clean, Neoprene pads usually feature a waffle-weave bottom which promotes airflow and breathability. They also provide good cushioning and reduce saddle slippage.

Foam

Foam distributes weight and absorbs shock. Additionally, it also molds to the horse’s back, creating customized comfort. They do not have any wicking abilities.

Gel

With features of both a solid and a liquid, gel will disburse impacts and will always return to its original shape. Heavier in weight and more expensive than foam, they are a good choice for riders who work multiple horses, since they do not conform to the back.

#

To get more information on cattle scales, cattle guards, or saddle pads, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on grain weight conversion, hog feeders, and hay feeders, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on bulk feed bins, livestock scales, and radiant under-floor heating, please visit Barn World.

horse.com

Although horses do not speak English, they are certainly able to communicate with us, especially regarding poor saddle pad fitment. If a horse is experiencing pain caused by a poor fitting or defective saddle pads, there can be physical signs that may occur, such as:

o Sores under the saddle area

o White hairs under the saddle area (which can also indicate past damage done by a saddle)

o Friction rubs in the hair

o Scars or hard spots

o Dry patches on the back or saddle pad while the rest is dampened by sweat

o Dropping of the back when it is palpated

o Muscle atrophy on either side of the withers

Even if there are no physical signs, if your horse is behaving differently, it is wise to evaluate the horse saddle pad fitment as part of any exam. Behavioral signs of poor saddle fit can include:

o Hypersensitivity while being brushed

o Objecting to being saddled or cinched

o Fidgeting while mounting

o Uncooperative while being ridden

o Pinning ears, swishing tail and/or tossing head under saddle

o Reluctance to go forward and use the hind end

So, before you write your horse off as stubborn, uncooperative or ill tempered, first take a good look at his equipment.

#

To get more information on cattle scales, cattle guards, or saddle pads, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on grain weight conversion, hog feeders, and hay feeders, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on bulk feed bins, livestock scales, and radiant under-floor heating, please visit Barn World.

cattlenetwork.com

Corn
Trends
Short Term: Down
Net Long Futures and Options: 154796
Long Term: Down
Change: -6000
Overnight Trade: U -10 3/4 Z -12 3/4
Opening Calls: Higher

The corn numbers weren’t as negative as feared. Ending stocks estimates for both the old crop and new crop were higher than last month at 880 and 870 million respectively, which was expected, but not as high as the average trade guesses. New crop ending stocks are still below 1 billion, which is a psychological boost, and will return the focus of the market to the weather, which at the moment is turning more bullish.


Wheat
Trends
Short Term: Down

Net Long Futures and Options: -51255
Long Term: Down
Change: -3000
Overnight Trade: Chicago: U -12 3/4 KC: U -10 1/4
Opening Calls: Higher

The wheat numbers ended up being friendly with the new crop ending stocks estimate actually falling below last month at 670 million. Surprisingly, to me at least, was that this was not because of lower production. Production was actually increased, but the demand figures were increased enough, particularly exports, to offset the higher production. This should allow for a decent short covering rally in the wheat.


Soybeans
Trends
Short Term: Up Net Long Futures and Options: 33449
Long Term: Down Change: +1000
Overnight Trade: U -11 X-11 1/4
Opening Calls: Mixed

The soybean figures were slightly negative with the old crop ending stocks at 200 million and new crop at 175. Since the numbers were really close to expectations I think that the weather will be a lot more important that the report today and the rest of the week. The heat moving into the corn belt should be supportive to the market.

Live Cattle
Trend
Short Term: Up
Long Term: Up
Opening Calls: 10-30 Lower

Live cattle futures closed steady to moderately higher on Monday, as traders ignored slumping world economic concerns to rally from sharply lower opening trade. Limit higher move in the August lean hog contract provided support. Hogs are higher on rumors of large exports into China. Less competing meat into the fourth quarter should provide excellent support for the fat cattle market. Overnight markets have trimmed back most of Monday’s gains. equities continue to struggle.

Feeder Cattle
Trends
Short Term: Up
Long Term: Up
Opening Call: 30-50 Lower

Feeder cattle futures posted moderate to stout gains on Monday, supported by lower corn and higher fats. Cash feeders continue to support, at near record high levels. This mornings’ grain supply/demand report could change opening calls for the feeders. Expectations for a low June placement number will add support.

#

To get more information on cattle scales, cattle guards, or saddle pads, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on grain weight conversion, hog feeders, and hay feeders, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on bulk feed bins, livestock scales, and radiant under-floor heating, please visit Barn World.

agriculture.com

With temperatures expected to reach dangerous highs this week in the middle of the country, Iowa State University (ISU) Extension beef veterinarian Grant Dewell urges beef cattle producers to prepare for these weather conditions to maintain herd health.

Facts you should know

  • Feedlot cattle are at higher risk than pastured cattle, which have the ability to seek shade and avoid radiant heat from dirt or concrete surfaces.
  • Temperatures exceeding 80 degrees F cause physiologic stress on cattle. Though they are not at risk of dying, their health can deteriorate.
  • Compared to other animals, cattle cannot dissipate their heat load effectively due to their inability to sweat.
  • Cattle’s core temperature peaks 2 hours after peak environmental temperature.
  • It takes at least 6 hours for cattle to dissipate their heat load.
  • Black cattle and heavy cattle and respiratory compromised cattle have an increased risk of heat stress, and higher chances of death.

Managing the heat

Careful monitoring: Don’t work cattle at all in high heat. Finish working cattle before 9 to 10 a.m. during the summer. Do not work cattle in the evenings after it has cooled off. It takes at least 6 hours for cattle to recover from their heat load. Cattle should not wait in processing areas longer than 30 minutes.

Water requirements: Cattle lose water more quickly from increased respiration and perspiration when it’s hot. Consuming water is the only way cattle can reduce core body temperature. Cattle need 3 inches of linear water space per head during the summer. The supply should be able to deliver 1.1% of body weight of the cattle per hour. A 1,000-pound animal needs about 1.5 gallons of water per hour. Introducing extra water tanks before extreme heat will allow cattle to become accustomed to them.

Feeding changes: Cattle should not be fed in the morning when body heat will peak when environmental temperatures are also at their highest (midday). Cattle should receive at least 70% of their feed 2 to 4 hours after the day’s peak temperatures. Changing the ration is controversial, but the general recommendation is to reduce the diet energy content of feed by 5 to 7%.

Shade and ventilation: There should be 20 to 40 square feet of shade per animal. Shade structures are most adequate when they have an east-west orientation and are more than 8 feet off the ground to heighten air movement. Removing tall vegetation within 150 feet of the feedlot pens will also expose cattle to more air movement.

Cooling techniques: Sprinklers can cool cattle during times of stress by increasing evaporative cooling and reducing ground temperature. Sprinklers are adequate when they wet the animal and not just mist the air. Sprinklers should not interfere with drinking water supply. Use sprinklers intermittently to avoid mud and increased humidity. Assess water temperature: thermal shock from too cold of water can kill cattle that are extremely stressed. Once sprinklers are utilized, they should be continued until the heat is over.

Fly control will also reduce cattle stress. Biting flies cause cattle to bunch up, decreasing cooling. Minimize breeding areas for flies and apply insecticides to decrease fly populations before heat stress.

#

To get more information on cattle scales, cattle guards, or saddle pads, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on grain weight conversion, hog feeders, and hay feeders, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on bulk feed bins, livestock scales, and radiant under-floor heating, please visit Barn World.

radiantheatreviewer.com

When it comes to effective solutions in managing the warmth inside the home, nothing will come close to the convenience and cost-efficiency delivered by radiant heating. This is actually called radiant floor heating in many markets and this works by installing electric heating coils or the water-heated tubing (Hydronic systems) under the floors of your home for a very even and comfortable heat.

For example, the complex tubing or mesh of tubes can be installed just below the tiles of the bathroom or can be installed just below the hardwood floor of the bedroom.

This is like the heating and warmth that can be delivered by the sun. The only difference is that this system can be controlled, and this can be done through the use of controls like the thermostats. Once this heating gets into the action, the temperature produced inside the room will remain constant compared to the heating delivered by the traditional heating options where there is fluctuations in the temperature.

Aside from the fact that household members can bask and feel the consistency in the warmth of the air, homeowners can also refer to the efficiency of this heating option. Considered as more economical than the usual heating furnaces, homeowners can reduce heating costs by as much as 50 percent. The installation of this heating system is best for newly constructed homes. But older homes can be fitted as well, and the cost is dependent on a number of factors including labor costs and materials. The most common option is to install the system in one room of the house than to fully fit the house with the system.

What are The Three Major Sources of Radiant Heating?

Though there are a number of radiant heating products, there are three major types of heat available including radiant air floors, electric radiant floors and Hydronic radiant floors. Though all of these options deliver even warm air inside your household, the manner of delivery and production of warm air differs. Each of these major types of heating options can still be categorized into different types by installation.

Air-heated radiant flooring- Amongst the three options available, this is considered as the least efficient. The problem with this is the medium- air cannot hold large amount of heat. Though this can be partnered with solar air heating system, still this can put your household at a disadvantage since the heating can only be enjoyed during the day.

Electric radiant flooring- Instead of pipes, there are electric cables that are installed on the floor. There are other available options when it comes to its installation. Some contractors would use mats with electrically-conductive plastics and these are placed just below a floor covering like tile. Through this, household members and objects in the living room are warmed. But due to the rising costs of electricity, using this kind of radiant heating is not highly recommended.

Hydronic heating option- This is by far the better option if you want to get the best out of radiant heating. Considered by many as the most cost-effective solution to heating, the system will pump the heated water from the boiler and into the installed tubing. The maze of tubing is laid in a pattern underneath the floor in the living room (or in the bedroom if you decide to install one in the area). In order to control the amount of ‘heat’ that can be produced, there are controls in place like the thermostats or zoning valves. But before you jump into this system consider the size of home, labor costs and other factors.

What Can You Get From Radiant Heat?

This form of heating is getting attention thanks to a number of advantages including;

  • Once installed this can promote a highly efficient building or home that can help in the certification of the property as environmentally-compliant;
  • The warm heating can help maintain a comfortable floor temperature;
  • Since the air is not circulated, there will be reduction in the loss of heat in the air and;
  • This also removes that drafty feel.

This form of heating is healthier as well. Since the warm air is properly managed, there will be less dry skin and dry throats on the members of the household. Because the air is not wildly circulated, the allergens and other forms of dust are properly handled. And because the flooring of the living room is properly warmed using the right temperature, doing family activities and bonding is more worthwhile.

Disadvantages of Radiant Heating

There are a few disadvantages to the system and it’s still best to know these. If your household will need the services of the central air conditioning system, then the heating and cooling system equipment costs should be higher. The reason for this is that there are two delivery systems in place. Another drawback is that qualified contractors are hard to find. If you find one, don’t hesitate to ask questions and to clarify some things.

Is Radiant Heat System a Good Investment?

With the cost of electricity shooting up, there’s no other option but to look for economical solutions when it comes to home heating. Your family cannot afford to forego heating during winter, so the next best move is to get the next best solution. And you can count on radiant heating on that need. You can use the information found on radiantheatreviewer helpful in making the right choice. You’ll get information on what’s best and what’s not for your type of home.

#

To get more information on cattle scales, cattle guards, or saddle pads, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on grain weight conversion, hog feeders, and hay feeders, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on bulk feed bins, livestock scales, and radiant under-floor heating, please visit Barn World.

nationalhogfarmer.com
06/27/2011

Summer months can trigger heat stress in livestock, especially in pigs, according to Mark Whitney, a swine specialist with the University of Minnesota Extension. Pigs are especially challenged because they lack functional sweat glands to help them efficiently reduce body heat.

Even though the majority of pigs today are raised in modern confinement facilities that provide some climate control, producers still face limits in their ability to cool pigs during extreme heat, he says.

Pigs naturally remove body heat during periods of heat stress through a combination of accelerated respiration, decreased feed intake, increased water consumption and adjustments in physical activity and movement.

Pork producers can minimize heat stress for their pigs by:

  1. Preparing and maintaining cooling systems. Check cooling systems and ensure that thermostats, fans, air inlets, drip coolers, sprinklers, cooling cells and other related equipment are set for summer usage. Use of sprinklers, along with fans, can reduce the temperature in barns provided sprinklers are set correctly. Avoid sprinklers that provide a very fine mist because they will increase humidity levels in the barn. Cooling cells work more effectively to lower humidity levels. Adjust ventilation systems to remove excess moisture from buildings.
  2. Adjusting the feeding program. Since pigs will lower their feed intake during periods of high temperatures, increase the nutritional density of the diet for growing pigs and lactating sows. Adding fat to the hog feeder will also increase the caloric density, but if other nutrient levels are not also increased accordingly, animal performance will still suffer, Whitney says.
  3. Modifying procedures during load-out and transportation of pigs. Transportation is perhaps the most stressful time for pigs during periods of heat. Remove feed from pigs for 12-18 hours before shipment (remove feed but not water). Load fewer pigs in order to allow maximum air movement. Keep vehicles in constant motion and open all vents and slats. Avoid moving pigs during the heat of the day, and allow more time to load pigs. Pigs are apt to become fatigued during hot weather. Additional time and patience are needed to effectively load pigs, while reducing pig and handler stress.

For more educational information, visit extension.umn.edu

#

To get more information on cattle scales, cattle guards, or saddle pads, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on grain weight conversion, hog feeders, and hay feeders, please visit Barn World.

To get more information on bulk feed bins, livestock scales, and radiant under-floor heating, please visit Barn World.